The 2022 National Organic Agriculture Business Summit

Recently, the Organic and Agroecology Initiative in Nigeria invited the Provost of the College to make presentation on the contribution of education to the development of the organic sector in Nigeria during her yearly National Organic Agriculture Business Summit.

Dr. Olufemi AyanfeOluwa of the School of Agriculture ably represented her during the summit held at the International Conference Centre, University of Ibadan from November 29 to December 2, 2022. Other members of the panellists were the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Education, Oyo State, and the President, National Association of Proprietors of Private Schools (NAPPS) Oyo State.

During the presentation, the Provost highlighted the efforts of the College to train students and farmers in the principles and practices of organic agriculture as well as in the production of organic produce for the members of her community. During the 3-day event, the College was also able to exhibit some of the produce from her Organic Farm.

HEALTH CORNER: Focus on Drug Abuse

Are you unwittingly abusing drugs?…..

Drug abuse or substance abuse refers to the use of certain chemicals (or medicinal drugs) for the purpose of creating pleasurable effects on the brain or overcoming a physiological condition. There are over 190 million drug users around the world and the problem has been increasing at alarming rates, especially among young adults under the age of 30. Apart from the long term damage to the body drug abuse causes, drug addicts who use needles are also at risk of contracting HIV and hepatitis B and C infections.

Causes of drug use

Drugs of abuse are usually psychoactive drugs that are used by people for various different reasons which may include:

Curiosity and peer pressure, especially among school children and young adults
The use of prescription drugs that were originally intended to target pain relief may have turned into recreational use and become addictive
Chemicals may be used as part of religious practices or rituals
Recreational purposes
As a means of obtaining creative inspiration

Drug categories

Drugs of abuse fall into three groups and these include:

Depressants: These cause depression of the brain’s faculties and examples include sleeping pills (barbiturates) and heroin.
Stimulants: These cause stimulation of the brain, giving rise to alertness and increased bursts of activity. A rapid heart rate, dilated pupils, raised blood pressure, nausea or vomiting and behavioral changes such as agitation, and impaired judgment may also result. In severe cases, there may be delusional psychosis which can occur with the use of cocaine and amphetamines.
Hallucinogens: These cause hallucinations and an “out of this world” feeling of dissociation from oneself. Hallucinogens may cause distorted sensory perception, delusion, paranoia and even depression. Examples include ecstasy, mescaline and LSD.

Examples of drugs abused are:

Alcohol
Tobacco
Cocaine from coca
Opium and opioids from poppy plants
Hashish or marijuana from cannabis
Synthetic drugs such as heroin, ecstasy and Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD).

Administration

There are several different routes of administration for drugs of abuse including orally in the form of a pill, intravenously in the form of an injection, by inhaling the substance in the form of smoke or via snorting the substance so it is absorbed into the blood vessels of the nose.

Commonest Drugs Nigerians Abuse: Their Side Effects and Dangers

1.  DICLOFENAC

A lot of people pop these pills for general pains, menstrual pains and bone pains (rheumatism)

In the long run Diclofenac use can cause:

Ulcers
Internal bleeding
Heart attack
Stroke in the Brain
Liver damage
Kidney damage

2.  POSTINOR

This is now a common feature in people’s purses and bags. A common oral contraceptive used by sexually active women to prevent pregnancy

When misused can cause:

Abnormal menstruation
Painful menses
Bleeding
Hair loss
Headache
Increased chances of Breast cancer.

3.  FELVIN

The drug is Piroxicam. It belongs to a class called NSAIDS (just like Diclofenac). It is used during menstruation for pains by a lot of women.

Misuse can cause:

Ulcer
Hypertension
Hearing problem
Kidney damage
Problems with the Pancreas
Liver damage.

4.  COUGH SYRUP

One would wonder why Cough syrups are a best seller in Pharmacies, especially the ones with Codeine. They have various constituents but abusers take it without dosage or restriction.

Misuse can cause:

Psychiatry problems like Hallucinations and Delusions
Addiction
Sudden death

5.  IBUPROFEN

A common pain medication taken by lot of people. Also taken by the elderly for “Rheumatism”

Misuse can cause:

Internal bleeding
Hypertension
Heart attack
It can trigger an asthmatic attack
Kidney failure
Increases your risk of Abortion (controversial)

6.  COFFEE

Coffee, a supposed safe, healthy drink, contains caffeine which is often abused by executives, students and anyone who wants to stay alert at a specific task

Long term use can cause:

Hypertension
Sleep problems
Anxiety
Headache
Abnormal beating of the heart
Not safe in Pregnancy

7.  TETRACYCLINE

The common type is Doxycycline mostly abused without prescription for stomach upset and abortion

Misuse can cause:

Liver damage
Skin problems
Hearing problem
It crosses the Placenta and damages the baby’s bone and teeth

8.  VITAMIN C

Either that small orange pill or sweet white pills, often chewed by many.

Overdose could cause:

Increased of chances of having a Kidney stone which can damage the Kidneys
Effect is worse in people with an underlying kidney problem.

9.  PARACETAMOL

One of the most readily available pain killers, some even use it in cooking meat to make it tender and thus poison those consuming such.

When Paracetamol is overused, it can cause:

Liver damage
Kidney damage.
Careful with paracetamol in children

10.  FLAGYL

This is one of the most abused Antibiotics, taken with tetracyclineagainst diarrhea

Some side effects if abused:

Reduced blood cell count
Damaged brain and nerves
Not safe early in Pregnancy
Controversial link to Cancer in Animals

11. ALABUKUN

An analgesic powder containing aspirin and caffeine. People use it for pain relief.

Abused could cause:

Ulcers
Bleeding
Liver damage
Kidney damage
Heart attack
Hypertension

12.  AMPICLOX

It contains Ampicillin and Cloxacillin. It is abused and misused as an abortion drug, and to treat the so called “toilet infections”.

Dangers when abused:

Dangerous in people with certain allergies
Seizures
Damage the muscles
Kidney problems.

13. CYPROHEPTADINE

Common brand is Cypri-Gold. People have constantly abused it tostimulate appetite, in a bid to gain weight.

Dangers of this abuse include:

Effect blood cells
Damaged liver
Insomnia
Abnormal hand shaking
Ringing in ears
Irregular menstrual cycle
Low blood pressure.

14.  LEXOTHAN

One of the most abused drugs by Nigerians in a bid to get good sleep. It sedates!

Dangers of abuse:

It can be addiction
Dizziness and memory problem
Reduced libido
Liver damage
Stopping it suddenly after long abuse is also dangerous

15.  TRAMADOL

Tramadol is meant to be a strictly regulated drug but sadly, in Nigeria, it is sold cheaply on the streets.

Dangers associated with abuse:

Addiction can cut off your breathing
Seizures
Illusion
Headache
Anxiety.

………HEALTH IS WEALTH!

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Admission Notice!

POST UTME (NATIONAL DIPLOMA FULL-TIME)

Candidates who sat for the 2024 UTME and scored 120 and above are eligible to apply. Such candidates are required to ensure that they do a change of institution to the Federal College of Agriculture, Ibadan as the first choice. They should also ensure that they upload their O’Level result on JAMB CAPS at the JAMB office or any JAMB accredited CBT centre. Candidates awaiting results are also eligible to apply. They are to ensure that they upload their O’Level results as soon as their results are released.

Visit https://jamb.gov.ng/ibass for O’Level and UTME requirements.

Available courses are:
• Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering Technology
• Agricultural Technology
• Multimedia Technology
• Library and Information Science
• Science Laboratory Technology
• Organic Agricultural Technology
• Home and Rural Economics
• Horticultural Technology
• Cooperative and Economic Management

National Diploma part-time candidates are required to visit the nearest JAMB office and apply for a part-time programme. After successful application, they are to proceed to APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS below.

HIGHER NATIONAL DIPLOMA PROGRAMMES (FULL-TIME)
• Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering Technology (Farm Power and Machinery Option)
• Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering (Post Harvest Technology Option)
• Agricultural Extension and Management
• Animal Production Technology
• Crop Production Technology
• Horticultural Technology
• Agribusiness and Management
• Pest Management Technology
• Microbiology

REGISTRATION [ALL APPLICANTS]
1. Prospective candidates are to visit https://applicant.fcaib.edu.ng/register and enter their valid email and phone number in the spaces provided.
2. A verification link will then be sent to the email entered. Go to your email and look for an email verification link from FCA IBADAN.
3. Click the link to make a payment of N2,000.00 for a confirmation code that will be sent to the email after successful payment.
4. The email and confirmation code will be used to login into the application portal.

ONLINE PAYMENT AND APPLICATION FORM
To make the application payment and complete your application, login again with your email and confirmation code and read the FCAIB Application Process on the Dashboard.
Payment Schedule
Below is a well-detailed table showing our various programmes and their respective payment schedule. Kindly go through them to review your choice before making a decision.
FCA IBADAN Application Process
The following process highlights a step-by-step process for a successful application to our school.

>>> Select Programme of Study

Kindly select a program of your choice and proceed to make your application fee payment.

>>> Application Fee Payment

After selecting the programme of your choice, click on the proceed to payment button. A payment summary page will display and a little form beside it. Kindly enter your Surname, First Name, and Other Name as they appear on your WAEC/NECO/NABTEB certificate or as they appear on your JAMB slip. Confirm that your personal details and program information are correct. Then click Generate RRR to obtain 12-digit RRR and take to any bank to pay or click Pay with REMITA to pay online using any online payment methods.

>>> Application Form
After successful payment, you can simply go back to your application portal and click on “application form” on your menu to complete your application.
Application Form hints.
1. Fill in all the required fields.
2. Carefully enter your personal information as required.
3. Make sure the personal and educational information provided are accurate.
4. Upload all the required documents.
5. Make sure all uploaded documents and your passport (maximum of 50kb on white background) are well arranged.
6. Cross check the entire form before clicking on the “Submit Form” button.
7. Once your application is submitted, you can always check your login to check on your admission status. If you are going to write a test or attend an admission interview, you will be notified.